Lectures from the ESC Congress, Paris, 2011

Cardiac Contractility Modulation: Addressing Unmet Clinical Needs in Heart Failure
Prof. Hasenfuss G., Heart Center and Heart Research Center, University of Göttingen, Germany

Direct and Indirect Effects of CCM: How is Myocardial Infraction Improved?
Dr. Butter C., Heart Center Brandenburg, Bernau bei Berlin, Germany

Assessing the Clinical Impact of CCM: Past and Ongoing Clinical Studies
Prof. Borggrefe M., University Hospital Mannheim, Germany